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The Top Leading Avocado Producers in Africa

The Top Leading Avocado Producers in Africa The Top Leading Avocado Producers in Africa
The Top Leading Avocado Producers in Africa

Avocado, the creamy and nutritious fruit, has been gaining popularity around the world for its health benefits and delicious taste. In Africa, several countries have emerged as leading producers of this versatile fruit, contributing significantly to the global avocado market. Let’s delve into the top leading avocado producers in Africa for the year 2024.

  1. Kenya’s dominance in avocado production in Africa is unparalleled, with a record-breaking production of 416,802.72 tones in 2021. The country’s favorable climate and fertile soil provide the perfect conditions for avocado cultivation, making it an ideal location for farmers looking to grow this popular fruit.

The Agriculture and Food Authority (AFA) has made significant efforts to promote avocado exports, opening up harvesting for export starting from March 1, 2024. The main avocado season in Kenya typically runs from mid-March to November, with strict guidelines in place for harvesting outside of these months. A recent survey conducted by the Horticultural Crops Directorate (HCD) revealed that the avocado fruit was not yet at optimal maturity for export, leading to restrictions on sea shipments.

Despite this, the avocado industry in Kenya continues to thrive, with an increase in both production and earnings for farmers. With an increase in avocado production area and volumes, Kenya solidifies its position as the leading avocado exporter in Africa and the fifth largest exporter globally, trailing behind Mexico as the top producer.

  1. Ethiopia has emerged as a significant player in the avocado market, with its diverse agricultural landscape supporting avocado cultivation. In 2021, the country produced 152,505.49 tones of avocados, showcasing its potential in the industry.

The export price of avocados from Ethiopia has been on the rise, with the country earning over 1 million US dollars in 2021, marking a significant increase from the previous year. Over the past decade, the price of avocados in Ethiopia has seen a sharp increase, with the farm gate price rising from 1.6 Ethiopian birr per kilogram in 2010 to about 40 Ethiopian birr in 2020.


The increase in avocado prices can be attributed to the growing demand for Ethiopian avocados in the international market, coupled with a decrease in supply from other avocado-exporting countries. Despite the higher prices, Ethiopia continues to be a key player in the avocado market, with its export value reaching record highs year after year.

The Top Leading Avocado Producers in Africa
The Top Leading Avocado Producers in Africa
  1. Malawi continues to be a significant contributor to avocado production in Africa, with the industry playing a vital role in the country’s agricultural sector. The latest data from Faostat shows that avocado production in Malawi reached 94,096 tones in 2022, a slight increase from the previous year. Despite fluctuations in production over the years, Malawi has consistently been among the top avocado-producing countries globally.

The country was ranked 20th out of 62 countries in terms of avocado production, with forecasts suggesting that production will continue to grow steadily in the coming years. With a forecasted production of almost 94,000 metric tons by 2026, Malawi is expected to maintain its position as a key player in the avocado market.

The top producers in the world, including South Africa, the Dominican Republic, Peru, and Colombia, are also closely followed by Malawi. As the demand for avocados continues to rise, Malawi’s contribution to the industry is poised to expand, making it an important player in the global avocado market.

  1. South Africa has solidified its position as a notable avocado producer in the region, with a 3-year average annual production of 139,400 tones. Of this, 45% is exported fresh to Europe and the United Kingdom, while the remainder is consumed domestically or processed into oil and purée.

The South African industry is export-oriented, but the domestic market has also seen significant growth in demand in recent years. Avocados are primarily exported by sea in refrigerated containers under controlled atmosphere, with some fruit receiving 1-MCP treatment for markets where ripening prior to retail is not common. Airfreight is used infrequently due to high costs, only being viable during times of abnormally high prices.

SAAGA has played a key role in funding generic promotions of avocados in the UK, France, Sweden, and Germany, as well as in the domestic market for over 25 years. These campaigns have focused on educating consumers about the health benefits and culinary versatility of avocados, further solidifying South Africa’s reputation as a premier avocado producer.

  1. Morocco, In recent years, Morocco has experienced a surge in avocado cultivation, with 82,369 tons produced in 2021 and projections indicating even higher exports in the 2023/24 season. The country achieved a record-breaking milestone between July 2023 and January 2024, exporting nearly 40,000 tons of avocados valued at $120 million. With four more months left in the season, the total export tally is expected to reach unprecedented levels, potentially exceeding 60,000 tons.

Despite facing limitations in export destinations, Moroccan avocado exporters primarily target EU nations such as Spain, France, the Netherlands, and Germany, with the UK being the fifth-largest importer. Efforts to diversify the export market are slowly progressing, with seasonal fluctuations in exports to countries outside the top five importers. Overall, the future looks bright for Morocco’s avocado industry as it continues to gain popularity both domestically and internationally.

  1. Cameroon’s avocado production has been steadily growing, reaching an impressive 75,116.32 tons in 2021. This highlights the country’s increasing importance in the avocado market in Africa. However, the import price per kilogram of avocados into Cameroon has been quite volatile over the past few years. In 2017, the price dropped significantly to $0.29 from $3.67 in 2013, before decreasing even further to $0.22 in 2018. The price then saw a slight increase in 2019 and 2020, reaching $0.25 and $0.24 respectively.
The Top Leading Avocado Producers in Africa
The Top Leading Avocado Producers in Africa

The most recent data shows a price increase to $0.33 in 2021. Looking ahead, it is predicted that the price of imported avocados into Cameroon will remain relatively stable over the next two years, staying at $0.33 in 2023 and 2024. On the export side, Cameroon saw a total export value of US$2 thousand, US$2 thousand, US$37 thousand, and US$48 thousand for avocados in the years 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019, respectively.

In 2018, Cameroon sold 29 tones of avocados, showing a significant increase in interest compared to 2017. The nation’s avocado exports increased by 93.33% between 2016 and 2018, bringing in US$0.04 million in revenue for 2018. With 74,101 tones of avocados produced in 2018 and an average projected change of 0.78%, Cameroon has an estimated 16,292 hectares under avocado cultivation.

  1. The Democratic Republic of the Congo showcased its potential in avocado cultivation by contributing 63,372.05 tones of avocados in 2021. This highlights the country’s ability to be a major player in the avocado market on a global scale. Looking ahead, the Global Avocado Summit 2024 is set to bring together industry experts and stakeholders to discuss the latest trends and advancements in avocado production.

Recent data from ProHass revealed that Peru’s avocado exports in 2023 reached approximately 570,000 metric tons, showing a 3% increase compared to the previous year. However, there were challenges faced by the sector, such as a decrease in fruit size due to high temperatures, impacting both export volumes and prices.

Despite this setback, Peru managed to maintain strong exports to Europe, with notable shipments also made to Asian markets like China and Korea. As the avocado industry continues to evolve, countries like the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Peru play a crucial role in meeting the growing demand for this popular superfood around the world.

  1. Côte d’Ivoire, also known as the Ivory Coast, has solidified its presence in the avocado industry by producing an impressive 35,993.35 tons of avocados in 2021. The country’s avocado market value has been on the rise, with an average annual increase rate of X% from 2012 to 2022. While there have been some fluctuations in trends over the years, avocado consumption peaked in 2017 at $X before experiencing a slight decline. Despite this, the total output value of avocados in Côte d’Ivoire has been increasing steadily, with the most rapid growth seen in 2016 when production volume spiked by X%. However, production reached its peak in 2017 at $X and has struggled to regain momentum in the following years.

The average yield of avocados in Côte d’Ivoire dipped slightly to X tons per hectare in 2022, with the most significant growth recorded in 2013 at X% compared to the previous year. The country reached its peak avocado yield in 2017 at X tons per hectare but has since maintained a lower figure. In terms of harvested area, approximately X hectares of avocados were cultivated in Côte d’Ivoire in 2022, a figure similar to the previous year. The most notable growth in harvested area was seen in 2018 when there was a X% increase compared to the previous year. Côte d’Ivoire’s avocado industry continues to show promise and potential for further growth in the coming years.

  1. Madagascar, the island nation, has made a significant contribution to the avocado market in Africa by producing 27,309.59 tons of avocados in 2021. With a steady growth rate in avocado production since 1974, the country is set to produce 27,940 metric tons by 2026.

In 2021, Madagascar ranked 27th in avocado production globally, trailing behind countries like El Salvador, the Dominican Republic, Peru, and Colombia. The export data of fresh avocados from Madagascar, based on the HS code 080440, provides valuable insights into export value, volume, price trends, and more. Similarly, the production data of fresh avocados in Madagascar, based on FAO code 0572, offers information on production volume, prices, trends, and more.

The avocado industry in Madagascar is expected to continue its growth trajectory, further establishing its presence in the global avocado market.

These top avocado producers in Africa play a crucial role in meeting the growing demand for avocados globally. Factors such as climate, agricultural practices, and market demand influence avocado production in these countries. With their abundant natural resources and dedication to quality cultivation practices, these countries continue to strengthen their position in the avocado market, making Africa a key player in the global avocado industry.

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