March, 26

Angola to deploy its troops in eastern DR Congo after failed truce

Angola says it will send a military unit to eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, days after a truce it brokered failed to end between fighting the M23 rebels and government troops

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Angola to deploy its troops in eastern DR Congo after failed truce
M23 rebels say they are withdrawing from several captured villages

Angola’s decision to send a military unit to the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo is a direct response to the recent failure of a truce between the M23 rebels and government troops. This fighting has displaced many civilians and left them vulnerable to diseases and other risks. Angola believes that it can help to stabilize the situation and protect civilians by deploying its troops. This move is sure to be controversial, as some will see it as a violation of the Congo’s sovereignty. But given the gravity of the situation, Angola feels it is necessary to take this step.

Both sides in the conflict – the M23 rebels and government troops – have accused each other of breaking the ceasefire that began on Tuesday. The rebels say that the government has violated the terms of the agreement by continuing to attack their positions. The government, on the other hand, says that the rebels have been using the ceasefire as an opportunity to regroup and rearm. There have been reports of sporadic fighting since the ceasefire began, and it remains to be seen whether it will hold.

The Eastern DRC has been a conflict zone for many years, and it is rich in minerals and other natural resources. Recently, an East African force was deployed to the area in an attempt to quell the violence and restore order. However, the situation is still very unstable, and there are dozens of militias operating in the region. Consequently, the deployment of this force is a very significant development, and it remains to be seen how effective it will be in stabilising the region.

The United Nations reported that the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo has forced 300,000 people from their homes last month. This number is a significant increase from the previous month, and highlights the deteriorating security situation in the country. The UN has called on all parties to the conflict to respect international humanitarian law and to take all necessary precautions to protect civilians.

This happened in North-Kivu province, which borders Rwanda and Uganda. North-Kivu is a fertile and mountainous area long plundered by rival groups.

There is increasing concern about the humanitarian crisis caused by the fighting, which was still ongoing on Friday. More than 200,000 people have been displaced by the violence, and at least 400 have been killed.

The European Union has just started an operation to fly in aid to the regional capital, Goma, in response to the growing humanitarian crisis. Aid agencies have become overwhelmed by the needs of the many people affected by the conflict, and the EU is committed to doing its part to help. This operation is just one of many ways in which the EU is working to support the people of the region and ensure that they receive the assistance they need.

A statement from the Angolan president’s office said the soldiers would be deployed to help secure areas that have been held by the M23 rebel group and to protect ceasefire monitors.

“Kenyan soldiers, who are part of the East African Community Regional Force, have deployed to these areas too”.

The rebels, who are widely reported to be backed by Rwanda, had just hours earlier said they would withdraw from several captured villages.

The Congolese government will welcome the arrival of Angolan troops to help in the fight against the rebels.

But there is a danger of this becoming a wider international conflict.

More than 20 years ago the armies of at least eight African countries fought a war in eastern DR Congo, dubbed “Africa’s world war”, that caused immense suffering for the civilian population.

Rwanda has for many years criticised the Congolese authorities for failing to disarm Hutu rebels – some of whom are linked to the Rwandan genocide in 1994.

It denies backing the M23, which has captured vast swathes of territory over the past year and has been advancing towards Goma.

In 2010, M23 fighters captured large parts of North Kivu in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. However, they were eventually routed by UN and regional troops. As part of a peace deal, they disarmed and regrouped early last year.

The M23 rebel group is a militia active in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Largely made up of Congolese army deserters, they first took up arms in 2009 accusing the government of marginalising the country’s ethnic Tutsi minority and failing to honour previous peace accords. The group gained significant ground in 2012, captured the city of Goma, and declared the creation of a new state called “Mwami”. However, they withdrew from Goma in 2013 following international pressure and have been in decline since then. As of 2020, the group is estimated to have around 1,500 fighters.

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