Zimbabwe Elections: An In-depth Analysis of Key Things and Issues


The Zimbabwe elections are underway, with Zimbabweans voting for their preferred candidates in the second general elections since the 2017 coup. These elections carry significant implications for the future of the country, making it vital to delve into the key aspects and issues surrounding them.

From the selection of a new president to the election of national lawmakers and local government leaders, understanding the intricacies of this political process is essential in comprehending the potential outcomes and their impact on the nation.

Zimbabwe Elections: An In-depth Analysis of Key Things and Issues
Opposition leader for the Citizens Coalition for Change (CCC) Nelson Chamisa (C) casts his ballot at a polling station during the presidential and legislative elections in Harare, on August 23, 2023 [John Wessels/AFP]
At the forefront of this election are President Emmerson Mnangagwa and Opposition leader Nelson Chamisa, who are both vying for the country’s top political position. The stakes are high as Zimbabwe strives to move past its turbulent history and chart a new, prosperous path towards development and economic stability.

To gain a comprehensive understanding of Zimbabwean elections, it is crucial to examine the historical context in which they are taking place. Zimbabwe, formerly known as Rhodesia, was a British colony until it gained its independence in 1980, following a protracted rebel war. The nation was then renamed Zimbabwe, and Robert Mugabe assumed power as the country’s new leader.

Despite initial hopes for progress and development, Zimbabwe faced numerous challenges during Mugabe’s rule. The fledgling democracy gradually spiraled into authoritarianism, accompanied by widespread human rights abuses, a decline in the rule of law, and a struggling economy. Mugabe’s reign ultimately left Zimbabwe in a state of political and economic turmoil, prompting widespread calls for change.

Zimbabwe Elections: An In-depth Analysis of Key Things and Issues
Delays in the arrival of voting materials in Harare caused polls to open late [Tendai Marima/Al Jazeera]
In 2017, the country witnessed a significant turning point when Mugabe was removed from power through a military-led coup. Mnangagwa, formerly Mugabe’s Vice President, assumed the presidency, promising to usher in a new era of political stability and economic growth. Although Mnangagwa’s supporters argue that he has made progress in implementing much-needed infrastructural projects, such as road improvements, the overall situation in Zimbabwe has yet to see significant improvement.

One of the key issues at stake in the upcoming elections is the dire socioeconomic conditions faced by the Zimbabwean people. Half of the population lives in extreme poverty, struggling to meet their basic needs on a daily basis. The country’s inflation rate is alarmingly high, with the Zimbabwean dollar trading at a staggering rate of 1 to $6,800. These economic challenges have had a profound impact on the lives of ordinary citizens, making it essential for any political leader to address these issues effectively.

Another crucial aspect of the upcoming elections is the need to restore faith in the democratic process. Zimbabwe’s political climate has been marred by allegations of voter suppression, intimidation, and irregularities in previous elections. Building trust in the electoral system and ensuring a fair and transparent process is essential for the legitimacy of the upcoming elections. It is imperative that all candidates and political parties uphold the principles of democracy, allowing for freely contested elections and the will of the people to prevail.

What are the key issues at stake in the Zimbabwe elections?

Zimbabwe Elections: An In-depth Analysis of Key Things and Issues
Zimbabwe Elections: An In-depth Analysis of Key Things and Issues

As Zimbabwe votes, a number of key issues are at stake that will greatly impact the future of the nation. These issues range from the state of the economy and regional stability to transparency and social services. Let’s examine each of these issues in detail.

The state of the economy will be a central concern for voters in this election. Under President Mnangagwa’s watch, the economy has seen a significant decline. The country has struggled with hyperinflation, high unemployment rates, and a shortage of foreign currency. Analysts are divided about what this means for Mnangagwa’s re-election bid. Some argue that his administration should be given more time to implement necessary economic reforms, while others question his ability to turn the economy around.

Regional stability is another pressing issue for Zimbabwe. The country has experienced significant political instability over the past few decades, which has had far-reaching consequences. Violence, corruption, and authoritarianism have been recurring themes in the nation’s history, creating an environment of uncertainty and fear. As a result, an estimated 2 million Zimbabweans have migrated to South Africa in search of stability and better economic opportunities. Clashes have broken out between local South Africans and Zimbabwean migrants, highlighting the strain this migration has placed on regional relations. These tensions have occurred at a time of rising xenophobia in South Africa, making regional stability a critical concern in the upcoming elections.

Zimbabwe Elections: An In-depth Analysis of Key Things and Issues
Zimbabwe Elections: An In-depth Analysis of Key Things and Issues

Transparency in the electoral process is a fundamental issue that must be addressed. Zimbabwe’s elections since 2002 have been marred by massive electoral violence and allegations of fraud. Activists have long called for reforms to enhance the independence and effectiveness of state institutions, as well as the transparency of the electoral process. The credibility of the elections will depend on the ability of the government to address these concerns and create a fair and transparent electoral system.

Access to social services is a key concern for the majority of Zimbabweans. Quality healthcare, education, and basic services are largely inaccessible to the average citizen. Public hospitals are poorly equipped and may not have essential supplies and drugs. Education is often underfunded, leading to overcrowded classrooms and limited resources. This lack of access to basic services has had a devastating impact on the well-being and opportunities of the Zimbabwean people.

The next government must prioritize the improvement of social services to ensure that all citizens have access to essential facilities.

Kosi Ezeonyeka
Keith Kosi is a South African correspondent who holds the esteemed position of reporting for Who Owns Africa. With a laser-focused approach on current affairs, Kosi's expertise extends to the realms of politics, business, and culture. Her incisive analysis and in-depth coverage have earned her a reputation as a credible and trustworthy source of information. As the South African correspondent for Who Owns Africa, Kosi occupies a pivotal role in delivering news and updates to a global audience. With a deep understanding of the region's political landscape, She keenly observes and reports on the activities and developments within the South African government and its impact on the continent. Kosi's reports are characterized by meticulous research, unbiased analysis, and a keen eye for detail, ensuring that her readers are well-informed about the complex dynamics at play.


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